Gender and Development

Gender refers to the specific set of characteristics that identifies the social behavior of

women and men and the relationship between them. Gender alludes not simply to women

or men but to the relationship between them and the way it is socially constructed. Since

gender biases exist and these biases prevent people from attaining their full potentials,

development is impeded. To ensure that explicit, implicit, actual and potential gender

biases are removed, the government embarked on gender and development (GAD) as one

of its priority programs. GAD focuses on the principle that development is for all. Everyone

in society, female or male, has the right to equal opportunities to achieve a full and

satisfying life. Women and men enjoy the same conditions for realizing their full human

rights and potentials to contribute to development as well as benefit from the results.

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Legal Basis:

EO 227, The New Family Code of the Philippines

RA 6725, An Act Strengthening the Prohibition on Discrimination against Women with Respect to Terms and Conditions of Employment, Amending 135 of the Labor Code, as Amended.

  • Joint Circular No. 2012-01 (GAD Plans and Budgets and Accomplishment Report Implementing MCW)

RA 7877, Anti-Sexual  Harassment Act, which declares sexual harassment unlawful in the employment, education and training environment

RA 6949 declares March 8 of every year as a working holiday to be known as National Women’s Day

-RA 6972 mandates the establishment of day care centers in every barangay

-RA 7322 increases the maternity benefits of women in the private sector

-RA 7655 increases the minimum wage of domestic helpers

-RA 10361 Batas Kasambahay

-RA 9262 Anti-Violence Against Women and Children

GAD Related Laws and Issuances

Republic Act (RA) No. 7192: Women in Development and Nation Building Act

RA 7192, the Women in Development and Nation Building Act which promotes the integration of women as full and equal partners of men in development and nation building

RA No. 9710: Magna Carta of Women, and IRR

  • Rights of Women
  • Inter-sectoral Implementation
  • Mainstreaming as form of implementation
  • It mandates

–(a) planning, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation for gender and development,

–(b) the creation and/or strengthening of gender and development focal points, and

–(c) the generation and maintenance of gender statistics and sex-disaggregated databases to aid in planning, programming and policy formulation.

  • Funding

 Constitutional Basis

–Art. II, Sec. 14, 1987 Constitution

  • “The State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men.”

–Art. XIII, Sec. 14, 1987 Constitution

  • “The State shall protect working women by providing safe and healthful working conditions, taking into account their maternal functions, and such facilities and opportunities that will enhance their welfare and enable them to realize their full potential in the service of the nation.”

–Art. XIII, Sec. 11, 1987 Constitution

  • “The State shall adopt an integrated and comprehensive approach to health development which shall endeavor to make essential goods, health and other social services available to all the people at affordable cost. There shall be priority for the needs of the under-privileged, sick, elderly, disabled, women, and children. The State shall endeavor to provide free medical care to paupers.”

–Art. IV, Sec. 1(2), 1987 Constitution

  • Section 1. The following are citizens of the Philippines:
  • [1] Those who are citizens of the Philippines at the time of the adoption of this Constitution;
  • [2] Those whose fathers or mothers are citizens of the Philippines;
  • [3] Those born before January 17, 1973, of Filipino mothers, who elect Philippine citizenship upon reaching the age of majority; and
  • [4] Those who are naturalized in accordance with law.